Symptoms of Heart Attack
Heart attack, often known as congestive heart failure, is a condition where the heart muscle is unable to pump blood as efficiently as it should.
Shortness of breath is frequently brought on by this because blood frequently backs up and fluid can accumulate in the lungs.
The heart eventually becomes too weak or stiff to fill and pump blood adequately as a result of some heart disorders, such as coronary artery disease (coronary artery disease) or excessive blood pressure.
With the right care, heart failure symptoms and signs can be reduced, and some people may even live longer. Your quality of life can be improved by making lifestyle changes including losing weight, getting more exercise, cutting back on salt (sodium) in your diet, and managing stress. Heart failure, however, poses a risk to life. People with heart failure may experience severe symptoms, and some may require a ventricular assist device or a heart transplant (VAD). Preventing and managing conditions like coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, and obesity that can lead to heart failure is one way to do so.
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If you experience any of these heart attack warning symptoms, seek assistance right away. Some heart attacks happen quickly and severely.
But most begin gradually, with only slight pain or discomfort.
Heart failure symptoms may include:
- Chest discomfort: The majority of heart attacks are characterized by persistent or recurrent discomfort in the middle of the chest. It may feel like a painful pressure, squeezing, fullness, or uncomfortable pressure.
- Fatigue and weakness
- Swelling in the legs, ankles and feet
- Difficulty concentrating or decreased alertness
- Shortness of breath can occur with or without chest discomfort.
- Rapid or irregular heartbeat
- Reduced ability to exercise
- Persistent cough or wheezing with white or pink blood-tinged mucus
- Swelling of the belly area (abdomen)
- Very rapid weight gain from fluid buildup
- Lack of appetite
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The most typical heart attack symptom in women is chest pain (angina), just like in men.
However, some of the other typical symptoms, particularly shortness of breath, nausea/vomiting, and back or jaw pain, are slightly more prevalent in women than in men.
Heart failure frequently occurs after the heart has been harmed or weakened by other disorders.
However, if the heart stiffens up too much, cardiac failure can also happen. The main pumping chambers of the heart (the ventricles) may stiffen and fail to fill fully between heartbeats in heart failure. The cardiac muscle may deteriorate and weaken in some persons. The ventricles may become so strained that the heart is unable to adequately pump blood throughout the body.
The regular demands placed on the heart to pump blood to the rest of the body eventually become too much for the heart to handle.
Your doctor can gauge how efficiently your heart is pounding by counting the amount of blood that is expelled with each heartbeat (ejection fraction). Heart failure is categorized and treated using ejection fraction. The ejection fraction of a healthy heart is 50% or more, which indicates that each heartbeat expels more than half of the blood that fills the ventricle. But even with a normal ejection fraction, heart failure can still happen. This occurs if the heart muscle stiffens as a result of illnesses like high blood pressure.
Heart failure can affect one or both of your heart’s sides, including the left side (left ventricle). Heart failure typically starts on the left side, specifically the left ventricle, which is the main pumping chamber of your heart.