Important Symptoms of HIV/AIDS You Need to Know

Symptoms of HIV


Understanding the fundamentals of HIV can help you stay healthy and stop HIV transmission. You can also watch films on HIV basics or download things to share.

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the primary cause of the chronic, potentially fatal illness known as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) (HIV). HIV interferes with your body’s capacity to fight disease and infection by weakening your immune system.

A sexually transmitted infection is HIV (STI). Additionally, it can be transferred through sharing needles, injecting illegal substances, and coming into touch with infected blood. Additionally, it can be passed from mother to kid while she is pregnant, giving birth, or nursing. Without treatment, it can take years for HIV to progressively impair your immune system to the point where you develop AIDS.

HIV/AIDS has no known cure, but medications can manage the infection and stop the disease’s progression. International organizations are working to increase the accessibility of prevention strategies and treatment in resource-poor nations. Antiviral treatments for HIV have decreased AIDS deaths globally.

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Important Symptoms of HIV/AIDS You Need to Know

HIV Symptoms

Most likely. In most cases, symptoms of the flu appear 2 to 4 weeks after infection. A few days or a few weeks may pass before AIDS symptoms disappear.
The mere presence of these signs does not indicate HIV infection. Similar symptoms may be caused by other diseases.
Some people show absolutely no symptoms. Getting tested is the only way to find out if you have HIV.

Stages of HIV

Primary infection (Acute HIV)

Approximately 2 to 4 weeks after the HIV virus is injected into the body, some HIV-positive individuals have flu-like symptoms. Primary (acute) HIV infection is a condition that might last for a few weeks. During this period;

  • People have a large amount of HIV in their blood and are very contagious.
  • Many people have flu-like symptoms.
  • If you have flu-like symptoms and think you may have been exposed to HIV, get tested.

Possible symptoms include:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches and joint pain
  • Swollen lymph glands, mainly on the neck
  • Weight loss
  • Rash
  • Sore throat and painful mouth sores
  • Diarrhea
  • Cough
  • Night sweats

You might not even be aware of these symptoms because they can be so minor. The viral load, on the other hand, is currently fairly high in your bloodstream.

As a result, during the initial infection rather than the following stage, the infection spreads more readily.

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Important Antibiotics for UTI

Clinical latent infection (Chronic HIV)

HIV is still present in the body and in white blood cells at this stage of infection. Many individuals, nevertheless, might not experience any illnesses or symptoms at this period.

If you are receiving antiretroviral therapy, this stage may last for many years. Some people experience an earlier onset of more severe disease. This stage is also called asymptomatic HIV infection or clinical latency.

You could acquire minor illnesses or persistent symptoms like:

  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Oral yeast infection
  • Diarrhea
  • Weight loss
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Shingles (herpes zoster)
  • Pneumonia

Even in countries with limited resources, the number of AIDS-related deaths has significantly dropped thanks to access to stronger antiviral therapies. The majority of HIV-positive individuals in the U.S. today don’t progress to AIDS thanks to these life-saving medications. HIV usually progresses to AIDS if left untreated in 8 to 10 years.

Your immune system has been severely compromised when AIDS strikes. You’ll be more susceptible to illnesses that a person with a strong immune system wouldn’t typically get. Opportunistic infections or opportunistic cancers are what these are.

Consult a healthcare professional right away if you suspect you have HIV or are at risk of getting the disease.



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